Give Your Pet Frog the Right Kind of Water

Amphibians require access to both water and land to be happy and healthy. That is true whether they are in the wild or are being kept as a pet. Frogs absorb oxygen through their skin, so the quality of the water in their habitat is an important part of their overall health. Here are some tips for getting your pet frog the right water.

What Water Is the Best Water?

You want your frog’s water to have some of the natural salts and minerals in it, but you want to avoid water that contains chemicals like chlorine or fluoride. The pH balance is also important, and 7.0 is considered neutral, and is the ideal pH, but the important thing is not to venture outside of the 6.5-8.5 range.

Can You Just Use Tap Water?

The answer really comes down to where you live since the water that comes out of the tap in every U.S. city will be a little different. Unfortunately, chlorine and fluoride are common in tap water so you will need a way to remove these chemicals if that is true in your area. You can also set aside the water for up to 24 hours after drawing it from the tap because chlorine dissipates rather quickly—which is why you need to keep adding more to a swimming pool.

What if You Have Well Water?

Again, it depends on the well. You will have to test the pH of your water, and also check the iron levels since too much iron can hurt your pet. Sometimes well water has less oxygen, but you can fix that with any number of aerator options, like you usually see creating bubbles in fish tanks.

Is Bottled Water Okay for Your Pet Frog?

It depends on the kind. Spring water should be the ideal water for your pet. Unfortunately, a lot of bottled water is distilled in some way, and has had all of the beneficial minerals removed in the process. Distilled water also has a higher hydrogen level, which is bad for frogs.

In the end, your best options are to buy bottled spring water, or to filter the water yourself, and reverse osmosis is the best process.

Keeping Your Rabbit Engaged

Rabbits are more intelligent than many people give them credit for; therefore, their brains need more stimulating activity. Without it, your rabbit may become bored, and more easily succumb to illness.

How to Enrich Your Rabbit’s Existence

Basically, the idea is to encourage behaviors like you would see in your pet’s natural habitat. Environments, activities, toys, and food that make your rabbit act more instinctively are likely to create a greater quality of life.

Why You Need to Engage Your Rabbit’s Instincts

When rabbits are bored, their tendency is to become lazy which, in turn, causes them to end up with gastrointestinal stasis. This condition is otherwise known as ileus. It is a very serious condition requiring urgent consideration, as it can be life threatening.

If your rabbit stays in his 2 ft. x 3 ft. cage and does nothing except eat, drink, and use the litter box, he will soon become unhappy. Therefore, mental stimulation is important. Happy bunnies will run, jump, and explore, and this will keep your rabbit stimulated.

Creating the Right Environment for Your Rabbit

Cages are designed to protect your rabbit, but are not ideal for allowing your bunny to get the proper amount of exercise. Rabbits require several hours of exercise daily, and need enough space to run and hop. It’s also nice to provide props, things for your rabbit to run up on and to jump off of, as well as places for hiding. Objects in his environment such as small boxes, blankets, chairs, and other things can be placed so as to provide hours of enjoyment for your rabbits.

What Do Rabbits Play With?

Having extremely sensitive lips, rabbits enjoy picking up and feeling a variety of things. Toys that can be chewed and picked up safely are ideal for rabbits’ lips and whiskers. Small balls and even cat toys are perfect.

When picking out a toy for your rabbit, think about how safely he can carry it around and if it is safe to be consumed.

The Right Food to Engage Your Bunny

The best way to use food as engagement activity is to place the food in various parts of a rabbit-proof area. If your rabbit has to forage for its food under a blanket or into a small box, that will enrich the mealtime process. Also, remember to have a fresh bowl of water available at all times.

When your rabbit is mentally stimulated, you will see a positive difference. Your rabbit will be happier and healthier. What more could you ask?

The Best Greens for Your Turtle

Dark green veggies are important, especially for certain varieties of turtle. Wood and box turtles are a couple of examples of those that require some vitamin-rich roughage. How can you make sure that your turtle is getting enough calcium without taking in too much phosphorous? Here are some examples.

Maintaining the 2-to-1 Ratio

The optimal ratio for most pets is having twice as much calcium as phosphorus. That makes endives and radicchio two of your best options. Both are in the 1.9–2.1–to–1 range. A spring mix can also be beneficial since most will contain endives and chicory, which is also in the right range. While romaine is high in phosphorus, leaf lettuce is high in calcium, so they will even out in the blend. Kale is another good option, but be careful of the high-oxalate level.

What Are Oxalates?

Oxalates are an organic acid that binds calcium molecules. If you’ve ever had a kidney stone, it was likely the calcium-oxalate variety. While it is obviously bad to combine too much of these two elements, some oxalates are vital. One way to add oxalates to your turtle’s diet is with kale. Noted above for its calcium ratio, kale is also high in oxalates, so use it a little more sparingly. Mustard greens, watercress, dandelion greens, and escarole are also acceptable. You can use parsley on occasion. Parsley has a great calcium-to-phosphorus ratio but is a little higher in oxalates.

Foods like spinach, beet greens, and Swiss chard are very high in oxalates. They have 7–10 times the amount of some of the greens noted above. That means these greens should only be used occasionally, if at all.

For Picky Eaters

If your turtle isn’t into salad, you may have to get creative. Don’t feed your turtle junk just because it won’t go for the good stuff. Try putting a few mealworms on the salad to get your turtle’s attention. Or you can sparingly use some fresh berries like strawberries or raspberries; most red fruits are okay.

Is It Enough Calcium for Your Turtle?

Even if you can get your turtle to eat some salad, it may not be the right amount of calcium. Powdered supplements are available that you can sprinkle on your turtle’s meal a couple of times per week.